Version 10 (modified by mark1, 15 years ago) (diff)


Creating a DEM from a LIDAR point cloud

This page contains instructions for creating a simple DEM from the ASCII point clouds acquired from the Leica ALS50 II in 2009 onwards. Instructions are given for using your ARSF data in four GIS systems:

  • ArcGIS
  • ENVI
  • ERDAS Imagine

There is also a section giving instructions on how to make your DEM suitable for use in the azgcorr software.

This assumes that you have removed any noisy points that you do not wish to be used in the making of your DEM.


notes coming soon...


notes coming soon...

ERDAS Imagine

notes coming soon...


The first step is to create a location of the required area. See the GRASS reference manual for help with this. When this is done the ASCII point data can be loaded in. To do this use the following command: input=<LDRfilename> output=<outputmapname> x=2 y=3 z=4 fs=' '

where <LDRfilename> is the filename you want to read in, <outputmapname> is the name you wish to call this within GRASS, x, y, and z are equal to the column numbers which contain the Easting, Northing and elevation values, fs is the field separator.

Making the DEM suitable for azgcorr

To make a suitable ASCII DEM for use in the azgcorr software, the header information of the ASCII DEM file must be in a certain format. The required format is to have a header of one line (the first line of the file) with the DEM data following. The format is (as given by the azgcorr help):

or c r xm ym xx yx gi


or = row order of the data [0 if South to North, 1 if North to South]

c = number of columns

r = number of rows

xm = minimum easting

ym = minimum northing

xx = maximum easting

yx = maximum northing

gi = grid size (spacing)

An example header, for a DEM of 2000 rows x 2000 columns at 5m resolution, might be: 1 2000 2000 400000 850000 410000 860000 5

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