Version 10 (modified by mark1, 11 years ago) (diff)

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Tips for using Microstation and Terrascan for LIDAR QC

Open Microstation and read in the empty_3D example design file. This is laid out for the QC procedure. Make sure you always use a 3D design file for LIDAR data else you will not be able to profile the data. To start TerraScan, goto Utilities > MDL applications and select TSCAN (and TMODEL if surfaces are to be generated).

Load in LAS data

To load in the LAS data you can select Read Points from the TerraScan File menu. Select the LAS files to read in and click Add. Then click Done. On the next dialog pop-up, do not apply WGS84 or any transforms. The only thing you should need to change is the Flightline Numbering to "increase by file". The points should be displayed in view 1.

If you have a lot of LAS files to load in then you may need to use a "fence". This is essentially an area of interest. If you open one LAS file and then draw a fence using the Microstation toolbar, using the displayed points as a guide to the area of interest. Then close the points, and open all the LAS files, selecting the "inside fence only" option from the Load Points dialog.

Changing display properties

From the TerraScan menu select View > Display mode. This is the main dialog for changing how the data looks. EG you can view data by intensity, echo, flight line, class etc. If the display contrast looks odd, select colours and autofit, then apply the changes. Speed should always be normal, unless you want to view the flight directions, in which case select colour by flightline and speed as slow. Zoom functions are on the toolbar on the bottom of the view windows. View windows can be synchronised so that, for example, you can view intensity and elevation at the same points. BEWARE the colour scale for viewing by echo, first two colours both mean 1st return (one when only 1 return, one when first of many).

Draw Profiles

Use the Draw Profile tool button on the TerraScan toolbar (looks like A-A). On the mini-dialog that opens, select view 2 and a depth (e.g. 0.5m). Then you should be able to draw profiles and they will appear in view 2. Can use the Microstation measurement tool (from the toolbar) to measure vertical/horizontal distances (useful when comparing accuracy of overlapping flight lines).

Point classification

This is an important part of the QC procedure to remove noisy points. You can make a macro and save it to use again. See the LIDAR notes on how to classify the points. Once classified we may want to strip the points of a certain classification off the LAS file. (Example - low points). This can be done by selecting "Point -> Delete -> By point class". Then select the class you want to delete. You can use "Classify -> Add point to ground" to add individual/groups of points to a certain class by selecting them. This is important because your classification routine will most likely misclassify some points.